Terpenes have become a kind of buzzword in the cannabis industry in recent years. These are the oils that give cannabis its unique smell and flavor. But terpenes are much more than just responsible for making your weed taste and smell good. They also play an important role in the experience you have when you consume cannabis.
In this article, we’re going to take a closer look at what terpenes are, how they affect your experience with cannabis, and which ones are most commonly found in popular strains.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are organic compounds that are found in a variety of plants, including cannabis. Cannabis plants produce dozens of different types of terpenes, each with its own distinct smell and taste.
How do Terpenes Affect the Taste and Smell of Cannabis?
Cannabis flavor and smell is determined by a number of factors, including the type of strain, the growing conditions, and the presence of certain cannabinoids and terpenes. Each strain of cannabis has a unique blend of flavors and aromas that are determined by the specific ratio of cannabinoids and terpenes present in the plant.
The Role of Terpenes in Health Benefits
In addition to their role in flavor and smell, cannabis terpenes may also offer some health benefits. For example, some terpenes are thought to provide anti-inflammatory or pain-relieving effects.
Common Terpenes in Cannabis
There are dozens of different types of terpenes that can be found in cannabis, but some are more common than others. The following are some of the most prevalent terpenes in cannabis strains today:
Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes in cannabis and is known for its musky, earthy smell. It’s also found in hops, thyme, and lemongrass. Myrcene is thought to provide sedative effects and is often used as a natural sleep aid.
Limonene is another common terpene that’s characterized by its citrusy smell. It’s also found in oranges, lemons, and other citrus fruits. Limonene is thought to provide mood-boosting effects and may also help with anxiety.
Pinene is a terpene that’s characterized by its woodsy, piney smell. It’s also found in pine needles, rosemary, and basil. Pinene is thought to improve alertness and memory retention.
Caryophyllene is a terpene that’s characterized by its spicy, pepper-like smell. It’s also found in black pepper, cloves, and cinnamon. Caryophyllene is thought to provide anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.
Terpenes and the Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is a phenomenon that occurs when cannabinoids and terpenes work together to produce an effect that’s greater than the sum of their individual parts. This synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes is what’s thought to make cannabis such an effective medicine.
While more research is needed, there’s evidence to suggest that certain combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes may be more effective for specific conditions. For example, a combination of myrcene and limonene is thought to be especially effective for pain relief.
Choosing the Right Strain Based on Terpenes
At Top Notch Cannabis, we offer a wide range of strains, each with its own unique blend of flavors and aromas. When you’re choosing a strain, be sure to ask us about the specific terpenes that are present in the plant. We can help you choose a strain that’s right for your needs based on the effects you’re looking for.
For example, our popular Apple Fritter is a hybrid weed strain with Caryophyllene. It has a sweet and earthy taste and aroma. Or the classic Green Crack Sativa which, due to Myrcene and Terpinolene, leaves an energizing effect. Shop our full range of products.
Here at Top Notch Cannabis in Central Maine, we deliver medical marijuana to patients every day and we love helping patients find their “best bud.”